Effective Resumes

Resumes are your calling card to an employer, a brief summary of your past experience and achievements. Written properly, it directly ties the competencies you possess to the Hiring Manager's most urgent needs in the organization. It implies that your past experiences will result in your future success in the position. A quality resume will stress the benefits derived by others who have had you as an employee.

There are three types of resumes: 

Chronological: The emphasis is on past experience and employment, such as work experience, special projects and relevant education. Information about your current or most recent position is listed first, and then previous positions follow in reverse chronological order. It's most useful when the career history shows growth and development, the job objective is similar to your recent experience or the position being applied to is in a highly traditional field or organization.

Functional: This format focuses on skills and qualities that can be applied to a number of working environments. It is often used when wanting to combine the same skill sets that have been exercised with several positions. Those who are making career changes will use this format to emphasize their transferable skills or if the experience has been gained in different, relatively unconnected jobs. Unfortunately many employers are suspicious of functional resumes and prefer chronological resumes.

Combination Format: As the name implies, the combination format merges elements of both the functional and chronological resume. While stressing skills and capabilities, it adds positions, employers and dates. The main advantage is that it shows the potential employer where and when you gained the highlighted skills

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